One of the predominant factors militating against the development of sports activities in Nigeria these days is the loss of power control. A lot of solutions are being proffered by way of worried and patriotic Nigerians day by day to bail us out the quagmire. One of such solutions is this article entitled “Modern Trends in Sports Administration and Management”. It is written via Dr. Joseph Awoyinfa, a lecturer within the Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Faculty of Education, University of Lagos, Nigeria; a researcher and educational consultant. I was the character invited via the author and the university to check the book when it becomes provided to the general public on December 4, 2008, in Nigeria.
According to Awoyinfa, it is a truism all around the globe that sport is now a reference difficulty which can no longer be overlooked in diverse sectors of the economic system and spheres of life. The author provides that this text consequently takes a vital study topical problems in sports activities management and control, residing on theories and principles of modern developments in sports activities management and control such as management, employer, planning, motivation, and so forth.
The textual content includes 16 chapters. Chapter one is christened “the idea of sports activities management”. Here, Awoyinfa says control is a concept that suggests different things to unique human beings at exceptional instances, hence leading to its multiplicity of definitions. He explains that control has been variously defined as an art, a technology, a person or people, a discipline and a method.
This writer expatiates that as an art, sports control is all approximately wearing out sports activities organizational capabilities and obligations thru human beings; at the same time as for as a science, sports activities management is set setting up sports activities philosophy, legal guidelines, theories, standards, approaches, and practices. As an enterprise, in step with him, sports control is defined as a means of making formal structures and a status quo based totally on a challenge, objectives, goals, features, and obligations.
Awoyinfa says as a person or organization of people, sports control can also discuss with the pinnacle on my own or to all of the senior staff, committee, and so on.; even as a discipline, control is a field of examining with diverse subjects and topics. The writer illuminates that sports control as a process is ready a systematic manner of doing matters. Awoyinfa highlights control features in sports administration as planning, establishing, staffing, directing/main, controlling, coordination, budgeting, and assessment. On whom a sports activities manager is, this author educates that a sports activities manager is anybody at any level of sports corporation who directs
the efforts of other human beings closer to the achievement of organizational dreams recreation-wise.
Chapter two is based totally on the difficulty remember of evolution and developments of sports activities management idea. Here, Awoyinfa discloses that the improvement of mind on sports activities control dates back to the days while humans first attempted to accomplish goals with the aid of operating together in a collection. In his phrases, “There turned into serious thinking and theorizing approximately dealing with many years before the dawn of the 20th (20th) century, which marked the beginning of current sports management notion. Major efforts to expand theories and principles of sports activities management began from the early twentieth (twentieth) century with the work of Frederick Taylor and Henri Fayol. The commercial revolution of the 19th (19th) century possibly supplied the weather for this very serious theorizing.”
Awoyinfa adds that because the flip of the 20th century, writers on sports activities management and business idea were propounding different theories approximately the way to manipulate paintings and employees extra efficiently and efficiently. This author educates that the 3 predominant faculties of management thought are: the classical; the human-behavioral; and the integrative. Awoyinfa also highlights early sports management theorists; principles and traits of scientific control; appraisal of the clinical control principle, and many others., in this chapter.
Chapter 3 is thematically labeled “principles of sports activities control”. In this bankruptcy, the instructional representative explains that sports activities ideas are the primary laws on which the practice of sports activities control is built. He adds that control standards need to consequently be based on trendy terms for them to be applicable within recreation enterprises of varying sizes and individual. “Modern sports managers and administrators are anticipated so as to identify and use appropriate concepts which can be relevant to specific conditions. This is due to the fact no single precept can match all administrative conditions,” submits Awoyinfa.
He says the essential standards of sports are the ones relevant to all sports activities corporations and as a result of their popular acceptability, they are sometimes referred to as “time-honored standards of sports activities control”. This creator expatiates that a number of those concepts are: obligation; delegation of authority and conversation. As regards humanitarian principles of sports activities management, Awoyinfa identifies these as democracy, justice, human relations, sympathy, empathy, consideration, and humility.
In chapter 4 based on the concept of behavioral and motivational theories in sports activities business enterprise, the writer says people are particular creatures as they behave in another way underneath one of a kind conditions and are typically difficult to expect. Awoyinfa stresses that due to the fact people constitute the most vital detail in sports agency, sports activities managers want some information of why people behave in one manner or the alternative, in order that they (sports activities managers) can influence people to perform exactly the manner sports establishments locate proper.
One effective tool this writer shows that may be used to elicit overall performance in athletes is motivation. In his phrases, “Motivation is something wished in sports organizations to make personnel perform.
However, it’s been a crucial and a perplexing concern for sports activities managers.” Awoyinfa, in addition, discusses the development of motivational principles in sports company; the utility of motivational theories to sports activities control; strategies of behavior amendment, and many others., on this bankruptcy.
In chapters five to 10, the writer beams his analytical searchlight on concern matters together with control techniques in sports enterprise; the concept of sports company; setting a layout in sports company; the idea of making plans in sports management; making sports corporations greater powerful in Nigeria and staffing in sports activities corporations.
Chapter 11 is based on verbal exchange strategies in a sports organization. According to Awoyinfa right here, the verbal exchange is an essential element in any organizational effectiveness because organizations can not characteristic correctly whilst conversation capabilities are lacking amongst participants. “Since conversation is the transferring spirit in an enterprise, its absence may also make businesses standstill,” asserts this creator.
In chapters 12 to sixteen, Awoyinfa X-rays principles which include organizational modifications and development in sports activities administration; management in sports management and management; administration and control of soccer as a teaching; teaching human kinetics and fitness training in faculties and colleges; and organization and management of colleges at various levels of schooling.
As regards mode of presentation, this text scores a skip mark. For instance, the language is comprehensible and the thoughts are brilliantly articulated. The simplicity of the language is predicted, given the writer’s dual professional history as a lecturer and pastor. To make certain smooth take a look at of the text on readers’ part, Awoyinfa highlights the goals of each chapter at the beginning and ends with overview/revision questions.
What’s greater, he creatively embroiders the text with snapshots (pages 50, ninety-seven, 317, 330, 338, 395, and many others.) to decorate readers’ know-how through the visual-verbal exchange. Awoyinfa includes references on the quit of every bankruptcy to fulfill the educational responsibility of source disclosure and offer readers opportunities to examine more. Inclusion of many references also confirms the intensity of his studies. His use of visual difference for the phrase “Modern Trends” inside the name is emphatically creative.
If there are chapters that absolutely make this newsletter qualified as a compendium of contemporary answers to the executive and management problems plaguing our sports activities improvement in Nigeria, they may be chapters four, eight, eleven and 13. This is due to the fact they speak motivation, planning, verbal exchange and management respectively.
Meanwhile, the thematically best bankruptcy of all is bankruptcy 4. The truth that it’s far consciously or unconsciously taken to be the finest bankruptcy unearths practical expression within the deeper communique and concord between its subject depend on the only hand and the outer the front cover’s allegorical visuals or metaphorical images which include aim post, cyclists racing, a lawn tennis participant poised for motion with her bat, sprinters competing and footballers suffering for ball possession, however. These are snapshots used for example in motivational discourse.
However, some errors are observed in this newsletter. The mistakes are “Acknowledgement” (web page iii), as opposed to “Acknowledgements”; non-paragraphing of the herbal first few paragraphs of “Preface”; “Loosing” (pages 396 and 404), rather than “Losing”, etc. These errors need to be corrected in the subsequent edition.
On a observe of analytical finality, this text is a compendium of irresistible sports activities control hints. It is a should-read for all stakeholders within the sports area, specifically managers, and administrators. It is surely captivating.