Technology is a great blessing to humanity; sometimes, it can also be harmful. There are various definitions of technology, and different people have different views on the subject of technology. What is technology? It is a question which many people have on their minds; the answer is straightforward. Technology can be defined as scientific knowledge applicable to people’s practical aims/human beings’ lives. It can also be defined as a change that manipulates the human environment or a change that it brings along when certain things are molded. It is a kind of invention and scientific and industrial process.
Types of assistive technology
There are different types of assistive technology. It can be defined as any item, equipment piece, or product system and can be acquired commercially off the shelf; it can also be modified or customized, used to enhance or maintain or enhance the functional capabilities of having a disability. Under the types of technology in the classroom, assistive technology can be used in the classroom for students having a disability. For instance, electronic worksheets can be used for students with learning disabilities like dyslexia and can easily use the electronic worksheet to complete their assignments.
Then, one of the types of assistive technology is the phonetic spelling software; for many children with learning disabilities, reading and writing can be a challenge, so during these times, they can use phonetic software for spelling to better understand. Talking calculators, variable speed recorders, and videotaped social skills are assistive technology used to teach students having a disability. There are also some types of assistive devices. Some of the assistive devices are as follows – mobility aids such as wheelchairs, scooters, walkers, cane, crutches, prosthetic devices, and orthotic devices.
Different types of technology
Now, there are different types of technology which has helped human beings in many ways. Let’s look at them—for instance, hearing aids that help people hear more clearly. Cognitive aids are also there, including computer or electrical assistive devices to help people with memory, attention, or other challenges in their thinking skills. Computer software and hardware like a voice recognition program and screen readers, including enlargement applications, mostly help people with mobility and sensory impairment use computer devices and mobile devices.
Other technology types are automatic page-turners, book holders, and adapted pencil grips to help the students or children with disabilities participate in educational activities. Then, closed captioning is also there to help people with hearing problems to watch movies and TV programs & other digital media. Then, various kinds of technological changes brought are the physical modifications in the environment built up which comprises the ramp, grab bars, and wider doorways so that the disabled people can access buildings, business, and workplaces.
There are also lightweight, high-performance mobile devices that help persons with disabilities to play sports and be physically active. Also, adaptive switches and utensils allow people with limited motor skills to eat and play games, finish their activities, or complete them. Devices and other devices also help people perform a task such as dressing, cooking, and grooming, for this, there are also specialized handles, grips, and devices that can extend and help disabled people reach to it. Lights on mobile phones and doorbells are also a few instances of the same.
Types of Information Technology
You must be wondering how many types of information technology are there. So, let me tell you that there are a total of 31 types of information technology. But in this guide, I will briefly outline some of the types of information technology. The first one is infrastructure; here, I am talking about technology infrastructure like load balancers plus firewalls. Various kinds of services may offer self-service, support, management, configuring, and operating infrastructure. Computing resources are another type of technology. And it comprises cloud computing platforms like management of data centers, self-service tools for scaling, monitoring, and deploying computing.
Then there are also software applications that are fully managed and operated, and supported by the provider. Platforms are also there for developing, managing, and deploying custom applications and systems. Another type of technology is APIs. In which the services can be used to extend the core functionality. For instance, API, which the mobile app uses to identify or verify the owner/user’s identity. Networks are another form of technology and comprise Wi-Fi service at home or office or public location, completely supported and managed by the telecom industry.
Other Various Types of Technology
Construction technology is also coming under different types of technology. It is linked with equipment and methods used to build both kinds of, i.e., advanced and basic structures of buildings—for instance, heavy engineering structures like bridges. Product technology is another type of technology in which there is an understanding of the characteristics and specifications of products and services created in the market and manufacturing process. The technology used is, for instance, machines and others. Then, medical technology is another most effective and powerful technology that has helped improve human life.
It includes pharmaceuticals and biotechnology to use the best possible medical equipment for various diagnoses, research, etc., for treating diseases and infections. Architecture technology is another type of technology that comprises modern technology for designing buildings. It includes engineering, building science, and architecture practiced by architectural technologists; they also use various equipment types for designing. Other technology types are communication technology, business technology, educational technology, space technology, artificial intelligence, robotics technology, superintelligence, agricultural technology, operation technology, entertainment technology, etc.