Category: Computer

The Indian Games Expo (IGX 2016) made its way to India last Saturday, but more importantly, so did PlayStation VR.

With all this hype surrounding VR and hearing tales of it being the best thing to happen since sliced bread, we just had to check out. Luckily for us, Sony brought the PSVR to India and demoed it at IGX.

Let’s start with the headset itself. Looking at the spec sheet, it’s easy to dismiss the PSVR as the budget alternative to the Oculus Rift and the HTC Vive, and it is exactly that, but it has surprising potential.

Unlike the Rift and the Vive, which are festooned with sensors and require fancy tracking cameras to function, the PSVR uses simple LEDs and the PS Camera to track orientation. If you’re familiar with TrackIR, the PSVR uses a similar system.

The tracking wasn’t as fluid as I’ve experienced on the Vive or the Rift, but it was more than enough for the kind of games on offer.

Tracking aside, my second concern with the PSVR was the screen resolution. The Rift and the Vive both use 2K screens and even then images aren’t very sharp. If you’ve ever tried Google Cardboard with a Full HD screen, you’ll have noticed severe pixellation. The PSVR uses a Full HD screen.

Interestingly, I saw no pixellation whatsoever, which was a pleasant surprise. Sony did say that the PSVR uses three subpixel per rendered pixel vs the two subpixels per pixel on the Rift and the Vive. In effect, this means that Sony’s PSVR is actually rendering a denser image than the Rift and the Vive, making for a perceivably better VR experience.
Sadly, the PS4 itself doesn’t seem to be able to do that amazing headset justice.

Oculus and HTC recommend a pretty beefy system for handling VR. In comparison, the PS4’s graphics capabilities are very tame. In VR, that performance difference is very apparent.

We tried a bunch of games on the PSVR: Drive Club, Batman VR and Resident Evil 7. In all those games, the one factor that stood out was the low resolution of the game. Jaggies and low-res textures were everywhere. It was so bad in fact that it felt like we were watching something like a 360p video on a 1080p screen.

Barring resolution, the experience was pleasant enough. We did have controller and tracking issue in Batman and Resident Evil, but those issues were more down to set up issues than PSVR issues. We also couldn’t try the Move controllers in-game because they weren’t properly set up at the time of the demo.

I only spent a grand total of 20 minutes at most with the PSVR, but those 20 minutes convinced me of two things. The first is that Sony’s done a better job with games and with the headset than either Oculus or HTC. The second is that the PS4 is the wrong console for VR.

I hope the PS4 Pro manages to render higher resolution VR gaming because it would be a shame to waste PSVR on just the PS4.

 

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“Gooooaaaal by Messi” screamed the commentator, as we entered India’s gaming extravaganza ‘IGX Gaming Expo’., which was recently held at the World Trade Centre in Mumbai. With a boom in technology, a whole new generation of gamers is emerging. At IGX, serious gamers participated in competitive tournaments for the newest video games such as FIFA 17 (released in September), WWE 2K17 (released on October 11) and PES (Pro Evolution Soccer) 2017 (rival to FIFA). Other new games like Mortal Kombat XL, Injustice II, Watch Dogs 2, Star Wars, Mafia III, Tomb Raider, W2K17 etc. were introduced and many games were available for a hands-on gaming experience. “I just play a few games, and I am not a gamer but I really loved the Mortal Kombat XL game,” said one of the guests at the expo.

But what really drew the crowd was the Play Station section, which launched the Play Station Virtual Reality. The serpentine queue to try the VR headset spoke volumes about how gaming enthusiasts are growing in numbers in India.
Roosh, an Indian start-up founded in 2013 has made mobile game development its passion by launching games for Android as well as IOS. Ogre Head Studio brought an Indian flavor to gaming through ‘Asura’, a game inspired by Indian mythology. The presence of tech giants like Alienware and Asus, computer hardware distributors like Acro engineering made for a wholesome technological experience.

Superman, Wonder woman, Flash, Ironman, Pikachu or Goku, you name any cult character, their T- shirts, mugs and other souvenirs were available for sale much to the delight of gamers.

 

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Trigger For Larger Things To Come?

BACKGROUND

June 2016 will be remembered in posterity for one of the major global event risks materializing – a British referendum to exit the European Union (EU). This result was unexpected by most quarters of the market and there was an immediate negative reaction seemingly driven by sentiments. Since then, developments have been more in line with broader market consensus as policy makers have expressed their willingness to extend full support to the economy. In fact, the Bank of England has already loosened its monetary policy and is probably going to do more in the coming days to avoid any unnecessary collateral damage. The UK government could also go in for a more pragmatic fiscal policy given that the growth of the economy will likely take a hit.

Markets have remained broadly stable and have reacted on expected lines with adequate capital making its way towards safe haven assets. The initial reaction in the markets was of shock and resulted in steep declines in the equity markets and strengthening of the USD. However, since then levels of risk aversion have reduced and equity markets across the globe have done well along with a rise in the price of most sovereign bonds. The biggest negative effect has been felt on the currency markets as the GBP has fallen by around 11% versus the USD. While not completely unanticipated, this does show the investors’ concern over the future of the UK markets.

Still, the true ramifications of BREXIT will take months, if not years to become apparent. While there are a number of possibilities that can play out in the coming months, it is important to take a step back and gauge the impact on the Indian economy through its linkages with the UK and the broader EU economy.

A LOOK AT TRADE

The UK and the EU are both important trading partners for India, and both are committed to enhancing their trade flows in the near future. According to data released by the Ministry of Commerce, UK-India bilateral trade was valued at USD 14.02 billion in FY16, and EU-India trade (including the UK) was valued at USD 88.56 billion in FY16. Further, exports to the UK and the EU were worth USD 8.83 billion and USD 44.62 billion, whilst imports were worth USD 5.19 billion and USD 43.94 billion, respectively.

Trade between UK-India and EU-India is an area of focus as all parties are striving to increase trade. In fact, trade deals and negotiations were being discussed even before the referendum took place.

The UK used to be India’s third biggest trading partner 15 years ago; today it is its 12th1. Also, the UK is one of seven countries with which India has a trade surplus. Negotiations with the EU are currently being held regarding Free Trade Agreements (FTAs)2, which will likely provide a boost to bilateral trade between nations.

India’s imports from the UK are largely dominated by precious metals and stones, boilers, machinery, and mechanical appliances, iron and steel, and electrical equipment while exports to the UK are led by apparel and clothing accessories, boilers, machinery, and mechanical appliances, precious metals, and vehicles.

 

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Mechanical Computers Engineering CoursesIn March of this year, we had reported that due increase in automation in the IT sector, top 5 IT forms recruited 24% fewer employees in 2015. What we didn’t anticipate was the ripple effect of the automation phenomenon in an important sector – education.

As per All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), enrollment and intake for mechanical engineering have gradually and steadily overtaken demand for computer science engineering in India, and this has been going on since last 4 years.

This means that technical education in India is witnessing a massive transformation from IT to the non-IT field, and this can have some serious effect on the job market in India.

As the demand for IT courses in engineering is gradually decreasing, jobs offers from mechanical disciplines are steadily increasing.

Mechanical Vs Computer Science Engineering

As per AICTE data, a total of 5,34,199 students enrolled for mechanical engineering in 2013-14, compared to 3,23,697 enrollments for computer science in the same year.

This is the highest gap witnessed by AICTE vis-a-vis mechanical and computer science courses in engineering.

In fact, between 2012-13 to 2015-16, intake of mechanical engineering students have gone up by 2 lakh, all over the nation.

Interestingly, as the number of students in mechanical engineering has increased, job offers has subsequently increased as well. In 2012-13, a total of 95,000 job offers was given to mechanical engineering graduates, which swelled to 1,39,162 for 2015-16 academic session.

Why Computer Science Demand Is Decreasing?

In the month of April, we had reported that factory jobs are back in demand due to increased focus on Make in India, which is encouraging more manufacturing inside India, rather than importing.

This can be a small reason, which came into effect since last one year.

However, the main reason seems simple demand and supply rule: There are more IT professionals in India, compared to the demand, and this is shifting the base of technical education in India.

A senior official from the HRD Ministry said, “The IT industry was booming sometime back and more and more students were pursuing computer science but now the industry is saturated. There is more supply than demand for IT professionals in the industry which is the reason that students are moving towards other fields of engineering..”

As an example, he said that if 100 people are required to create a software, only three are required to maintain it, thereby squashing demand for IT experts.

Besides, automation is also seen as a major influence in shifting the demand of IT experts. Automation, robotics, and technology can potentially kill 5.1 million jobs all over the world by 2020, and World Bank has just confirmed this fact. The jobs which are being automated as a fast pace right now belong to IT sector itself, although mechanical jobs can also get affected, but the rate is slower.

 

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India is looking at a change of trend as far as the engineering discipline is concerned. The traditional practice of more students opting for computer engineering is slowly fading out and is being replaced by mechanical engineering.

An analysis of the data available with All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), the government body that is responsible for technical education in the country shows that the number of enrolments in Computer Science as a subject has been on a constant decline since the year 2012. The data also shows that enrolment of for Mechanical is going upward.
In the last four years, enrolment in Mechanical has been the highest in the academic year 2013-14 at 534199, in the same year number of students enrolled in Computer science was 323697 and the number has shown a decline in the consecutive years.

With the increase in a number of enrolment, a number of student intake in these two disciplines has also shown a variation. The number of intake in Mechanical courses in various colleges across the country increased by two lakh from 2012-13 to 2015-16.

Officials in the government attribute it to the global trends of reducing demand for computer science engineering graduates.

“The IT industry was booming sometime back and more and more students were pursuing computer science but now the industry is saturated. There is more supply than demand for IT professionals in the industry which is the reason that students are moving towards other fields of engineering,” said a senior HRD Ministry official, associated with technical education.

“Also, one does not need to study computer science engineering to pursue IT. Everyone is studying computers. If 100 people develop a software, only three people are required to maintain it, which reduces the demand for manpower. On the contrary, Mechanical is a field where one needs subject expertise to be able to work in the field,” he added.

In terms of placement also, Mechanical has shown an increase in numbers over the last four years. In the academic session 2015-16, 139162 students were placed as compared to around 95000 in 2012-13.

The least popular choices among students are Chemical and Textile engineering, even as engineering as a subject continues to be the top choice for students among professional courses like Management and Pharmacy.

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Google, IBM, and others team up to hasten data transfers in computersCOMPUTERWORLD.INNEWSGoogle, IBM, and others team up to hasten data transfers in computers
HARDWARE
Google, IBM, and others team up to hasten data transfers in computers
Agam Shah October 17, 2016

Google, IBM, and others team up to hasten data transfers in computers
Two newly formed consortiums propose specifications to bring unprecedented boosts to data transfers inside and outside of computers
Computational workloads are growing, and processors, memory, and storage are getting faster at a blazing pace. Emerging technologies could leave computers choking for bandwidth.

The potential chokepoint worries companies like Google, IBM, Samsung, and Dell, which are moving to remedy the problem. New specifications from two new consortia will bring data unprecedented boosts in data transfer speeds to computers as early as next year.

OpenCAPI Consortium’s connector specification will bring significant bandwidth improvements inside computers. OpenCAPI, announced Friday, will link storage, memory, GPUs, and CPUs, much like PCI-Express 3.0, but will be 10 times faster with data speeds of 150GBps (gigabytes per second).

Memory, storage, and GPUs will keep getting faster, and OpenCAPI will keep computers ready for those technologies, Brad McCredie, an IBM fellow, said in an interview.

Graphics processors are now handling demanding applications like virtual reality, artificial intelligence, and complex scientific calculations. Also in the wings are superfast technologies like 3D Xpoint, a new type of storage and memory technology that can be 10 times faster than SSDs and 10 times denser than DRAM.

Servers and supercomputers will be the first to get OpenCAPI slots. The technology could trickle down to PCs in the coming years.

The first OpenCAPI ports will be on IBM’s Power9 servers, which are due next year. Google and Rackspace are also putting the OpenCAPI port on their Zaius Power9 server.

AMD, a member of OpenCAPI Consortium, is making its Radeon GPUs compatible with OpenCAPI ports on Power9 servers.

But don’t expect OpenCAPI immediately in mainstream PCs or servers, most of which run on x86 chips from Intel and AMD. AMD, for now, isn’t targeting OpenCAPI at desktops and won’t be putting the ports in x86 servers, a spokesman said.

Top chipmaker Intel isn’t a member of OpenCAPI, which a big disadvantage for the group. There are no major issues that should stop Intel from becoming a member, though it would have to make changes to its I/O technologies.

OpenCAPI is promising, but computers will need many changes to take advantage. Motherboards will need to implement specific OpenCAPI slots on motherboards, and components will need fit in the slot. That could add to the cost of making components, most of which are made for PCI-Express.

OpenCAPI is an offshoot of the CAPI port developed by IBM, which is already used in its Power servers. In the future, there may be bridge products to ensure components made for the PCI-Express plug into the OpenCAPI slot, McCredie said.

A second consortium, called Gen-Z, announced a new protocol focused on increasing data transfer speeds mostly between computers, but also inside of them when needed. The protocol, announced earlier this week, will initially be targeted at servers but could bring fundamental changes to the way computers are built.

The consortium boasts big names including Samsung, Dell, Hewlett-Packard Enterprise, AMD, ARM, and Micron.

Right now, computers come with memory, storage, and processors in one box. But the specification from Gen-Z — which is focused heavily on memory and storage — could potentially decouple all of those units into separate boxes, establishing a peer-to-peer connection between all of them.

Gen-Z is also focused on making it easier to add new types of nonvolatile memory like 3D Point, which can be used as memory, storage or both. Many new types of memory technologies under research are also seen as DRAM and SSD replacements.

Larger pools of storage, memory, and processing technologies can be crammed in the dedicated boxes, and Gen-Z could be particularly useful for server installations. Gen-Z is designed to link large pools of memory and storage with processors like CPUs and GPUs in a data center, said Robert Hormuth, vice president and server chief technology officer at Dell EMC.

Having memory, storage, and processing in discrete boxes will be beneficial for applications like the SAP HANA relational database, which is dedicated to in-memory processing. Most servers max out at 48TB of DRAM, but a decoupled memory unit will give SAP HANA more RAM to operate.

But there are challenges. The decoupled units need to handshake in real time and work together on protocol support and load balancing. Those functions have been perfected in today’s servers with integrated memory and storage.

To achieve that real-time goal, Gen-Z has developed a high-performance fabric that “provides a peer to peer interconnect that easily accesses large volumes of data while lowering costs and avoiding today’s bottlenecks,” according to the consortium. The data transfer rate can scale to 112GT/s (Giga transfers per second) between servers. For comparison, the upcoming PCI-Express 4.0 will have a transfer rate of 16 GT/s per lane inside computers, and data transfers in computers are usually faster.

Gen-Z is generally a point-to-point connector for storage and memory at the rack level, but it can be used inside server racks. Gen-Z is not intended to replace existing memory or storage buses in servers, Hormuth said.

OpenCAPI and Gen-Z claim their protocols are open for every hardware maker to adopt. However, there will be challenges in pushing these interconnects to servers.

For one, the server market is dominated by x86 chips from Intel, which isn’t a member of either of the new consortia. Without support from Intel, the new protocols and interconnects cou

ld struggle.

Intel sells its own networking and fabric technology called OmniPath, and also sells silicon photonics modules, which use light and lasers to speed up data transfers and connect servers at the rack level.

 

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Thane: A 33-year-old man, who allegedly mentored the young kingpin of the over Rs 500-crore Mira Road call center scam, was arrested on Sunday.
Police questioned Jagdish Kanani, a partner in a BPO business in Hari Om Plaza at Mira Road, about the functioning of the telephone scamming cartel. A top police officer confirmed the arrest and said it was a major breakthrough in the case as Kanani is the “creator” of phone frauds and mentor of 23-year-old Sagar Thakkar, alias Shaggy.
“We have information that Kanani is the one who cracked the code of making easy money by misusing technology and playing on the fears of people. He had worked on US processes as a call center employee and was familiar with the operations that involve calling up US citizens and exerting pressure on them to repay their credit card dues,” a police source told TOI. He added that Kanani had made investments in call centers and played a vital role in setting up fake ones across the country different names.
Police claimed Kanani had coached Thakkar on how to con US citizens from India and misuse magicJack devices—they plug into a USB port on the user’s computer and have a standard RJ-11phone jack into which any standard phone can be plugged. “Kanani and Thakkar would pose as tech support callers from legitimate IT software firms and ‘alert’ a victim of a computer virus. They would ‘fix’ the computer and also charge for a maintenance contract,” said the source.
Meanwhile, the crackdown on Mira Road call centers has broken Thakkar’s back as he was planning to set up five-eight offices in Mumbai and Ahmedabad as part of his ‘business expansion plan’. “The cartel had interviewed over 400 job aspirants in Mumbai and Ahmedabad and selected over 100 for the setups Thakkar was to launch in Ahmedabad,” a police officer said. “Thakkar was interested in newly constructed commercial buildings as till the other blocks would be rented or sold, the call center operations would be smooth and no one would know what was going on.”
Police chief Param Bir Singh said, “Such call centers have brought shame to the country…fly-by-night call centers are mushrooming everywhere and there is no governing body to keep a watch on them.”
Investigators believe Thakkar’s sister Reema played a vital role in the scam—she not only aided him but also handled the finances through hawala channels. “We are yet to find trace his sister after which her role in the case would be ascertained,” said a police officer. Police are also making inquiries of the involvement of hawala operatives from Mumbai and Ahmedabad. Police said last year, Thakkar had invited his friend Tapash Gupta to help set up call centers along with Mansuri. Thakkar would also often travel to South Asian countries for pleasure trips.

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Indian Computer Emergency Response Team focusing on partnership with other nationsGiven India’s cyber security imperatives, the National Democratic Alliance government has stepped up efforts to protect the critical networks from any such attacks, with international cooperation one of its focus areas.
As part of this strategy, Indian Computer Emergency Response Team, or CERT-In, is looking at security cooperation arrangements with its counterpart agencies in other countries that will share information in a timely manner to prevent cyber attacks and crimes. India has already inked such agreements with the US, Japan, South Korea, Australia, Malaysia, and Singapore.
Also, CERT-In which is the national nodal agency responsible for cyber security and works under the ministry of electronics and information technology is in touch with global service and product providers for advance information regarding cyber threats and attacks.
The development assumes importance in the backdrop of sensitive data leak of the Scorpene submarines being constructed in the country. Following the incident, the government fast-tracked setting up a National Cyber Coordination Centre and a Botnet and Malware Detection Centre with a spending of Rs.900 crore and Rs.100 crore, respectively, as reported by InfraCircle on 7 September.
“We are looking at security cooperation arrangements in the form of the memorandum of understandings (MoUs) between CERT-In and its overseas counterpart agencies that will share information,” said a senior government official requesting anonymity.
The government has also articulated a crisis management plan for countering cyber attacks and cyber terrorism for implementation by all ministries and departments of central government, state governments and their units in critical sectors.
A National Cyber Security Policy, 2013, was unveiled by the previous United Progressive Alliance government to safeguard physical and business assets of the country such as air defense systems, power infrastructure, nuclear plants and telecommunications networks.
Queries emailed to the spokesperson of the ministry of electronics and information technology on 8 September wasn’t immediately answered.
The issue also assumes importance as there are 1.4 million users across central and state governments who use government email addresses—nic.in and gov.in—and other services such as the Internet, intranet, and video conferencing. The government departments are dependent on data centers of National Informatics Centre.
Experts are aware of the clear and present danger.
“While earlier, developed nations were prime targets, Indian organizations have been barraged by attacks and are now on a par with other global companies at the receiving end of cyber attacks,” PwC India, a consultancy wrote in a report.
In June, the Reserve Bank of India mandated all banks to immediately put in place a cybersecurity policy elucidating the strategy containing an appropriate approach to combat cyber threats, given the level of complexity of business and acceptable levels of risk.
With the rapid increase in a number of Internet users in India, there is a need for a secure cyberspace. The number of Internet users in the country stood at 371 million at the end of June this year.
In March 2015, the prime minister’s office created the position of first cybersecurity chief and Gulshan Rai, national cyber security coordinator at the National Security Council Secretariat, was appointed. Rai used to head eSecurity and the cyber law division under the earlier ministry of communications and IT.

 

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India’s GDP is a function of its export of Information Technology to the Western world, let us acknowledge it far and loud, for once. There are brilliant codes written, genius software developed, in large numbers, literally every day. Tonnes of money is spent on the research and development of each of this software and hence, there is a major need to safeguard these intellectual properties – yes, they are that! – which drive India’s growth in more ways than one.

In this article, we look at protecting the intellectual rights of a software, a much-underrated entity although it makes for some of the highest copyright infringements.
Computer-related inventions can be really tricky. Firstly, you have to describe the invention very cleanly such that it makes sense and that, let me say, is not an easy job, especially when it relates to computers and software – areas not easily comprehensible to laypersons.

It is still easy to define the functionality that is required by the customer, and if you have the required coding skills, you can even build a programme that fulfills the desired functionality, but – and there is a big but here – the area that has to be protected by a patent lies somewhere in between. It lies midway between the functionality that is desired and the code that is written to achieve it. This makes defining it all very difficult, especially for those who are new to the area of patenting.

Software Patenting
“How to patent a software” is a hot question amongst many tech entrepreneurs in India, and in this day and age, when our country is undergoing a major entrepreneurial boom, we need a convincing answer to that question.

To put it in simple words, a software can be patented in India but it might not always be permitted.

Where Does India Stand On Patenting Software
In India, there was a clause proposed to include software patents way back in 2005 but the honorable Parliament of India rejected it. A common argument given in this regard is that software patenting form for minor inventions. So, as the argument goes, an invention that can be easily and individually replicated by many others should not be granted since it will only work to decelerate the progress of the field concerned.

If you think hard, there is a point there but less so when the country is India, a software giant in its own regard. This is in contrast to countries such as the US, Australia, and even Singapore, which allow the patenting of software innovations within their political boundaries Cloud Light.

Why Does The Indian Patent Office Reject Most Applications?
Section 3(K) of the Indian Patents Act, 1970 reads that “mathematical or business method or a computer program per se or algorithms” do not fall under the category of items that can be patented in India.

Therefore, keeping the law of our land in mind, the Patent Office duly rejects the majority of the applications even though they may be high on innovation, fortunately, or unfortunately.

Is There A Way Around It?
Yes! There is a workaround. If you go through the Manual of Patent Office Practice and Procedure pedantically, it states that not all computer programs fall under the category which cannot be patented in India. Hence, there are some kinds of software that can indeed be patented in India.

How To Safeguard Your Software In India Then?
The trick is not to patent the software program. Instead, try to patent the product in which the software plays an integral part, a very integral part, so much so that the software stands out more than the product itself.

That way, when you are patenting the product, you invariably provide patent protection to the accompanying software program too and you do that in the subtlest of ways, playing according to the rules made by the government.

Since we have discussed in detail about patenting, it is only fair that we look at other means of safeguarding intellectual property too, namely copyright and trademark registration. Do not underestimate them by any means in India.

Copyright For Software
In order to protect software in India, this model of protecting intellectual property is all the more common. What needs to be done then? Simple: register computer software and programs as works of literature according to Section 2(O) of the Copyright Act, 1957. So, a copyright protection makes more sense for safeguarding software in India.

When you are applying for copyright registration at the copyright office, you need to submit the source code along with the duly filled-in application form.

Trademark Registration
In addition to patenting and copyright registration, the trademark registration can also be used to safeguard the brand name of the software.

One software product may have any number of brand names. For example, if a software offers an only one of its kind functionality, say it allows you to “bulk send” pictures, then you can trademark the term “bulk send” so that your competitors are not able to use it.

Even if your competitors do come up with a similar feature, they will have to devise their own term which may not be instantly popular and will definitely not be able to feed off the popularity your term has pre-created. So, there is a small win for you.

Trademark registration is often underrated when it comes to protecting a software, be it in India or in lands where a provision for filing patents for software programs exist.

If the software or the product name is not trademark registered, the competition can make use of the catchy terms built by you and exploit the lack of patent laws concerning software in India.

So, it is necessary to be careful when it comes to software safeguarding. You need to protect the business from legal tangles or get in touch with firms who can help you out. These throw completely different challenges when it comes to safeguarding, in comparison to say protecting a piece of art. The latter is much simpler.

 

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New Delhi October 15 (ENA) The computer technology and information technology sectors in India have witnessed a significant growth in research and development activities. This is evident from the increase in the share of computer technology in the total patent applications in India over the years.

Distribution of patent applications across top fields of technology

Field of Technology Share

(percentage) in 2010

Share

(percentage) in 2014

Pharmaceuticals 23.7 19.9
Organic fine chemistry 23.1 18.1
Biotechnology 6.1 5.0
Computer technology 5.9 14.3
Basic materials chemistry 4.6 3.9
Materials, metallurgy 3.1 2.1
Food chemistry 3.0 NA
Chemical engineering 2.5 2.2
Medical technology 2.0 2.5
Macromolecular chemistry, polymers 2.00 NA
Others 24.1 25.7
Source: World Intellectual Property Organization statistics database.

As the above table shows the share of computer technology has increased from 5.9% in 2010 to 14.3% in 2014. This shows that the boom that the country has witnessed in the information technology has also boosted research and development activities.

India is already a leading player in the international computer software market due to its highly capable manpower in the field. This has also created incentives for research and development activities.

However, the above table also shows that the shares of pharmaceuticals and organic fine chemistry in the total patent applications have declined. In fact, the increase in the share of computer technology has been at the cost of pharmaceuticals and organic fine chemistry. Despite this, the pharmaceuticals and organic fine chemistry are the top two fields with regard to the share in patent applications.

India is a leading producer of generic medicines in the world. In addition to this India is also a source of cheap generic medicines for different diseases to the low-income developing countries. Over the years, India has come under intense pressure by lobbying activities of multinational pharmaceuticals manufacturing companies that sees the generic medicines as a threat to their profit margins.

So, it is important that the country boosts its research and development activities in general and in pharmaceuticals in particular.

Apart from the above discussed three fields, there has not been any significant change in the share of other fields in the total patent applications Darbi.

One thing that should be of concern for the policymakers is that the share of biotechnology has declined. Given the fact that biotechnology is going to be an important field with regard to not only academic research but also with regard to industrial application, the policymakers need to give special attention to this field. (ENA Bureau)

New Delhi October 15 (ENA) The computer technology and information technology sectors in India have witnessed a significant growth in research and development activities. This is evident from the increase in the share of computer technology in the total patent applications in India over the years.

Distribution of patent applications across top fields of technology

As the above table shows the share of computer technology has increased from 5.9% in 2010 to 14.3% in 2014. This shows that the boom that the country has witnessed in the information technology has also boosted research and development activities.

India is already a leading player in the international computer software market due to its highly capable manpower in the field. This has also created incentives for research and development activities.

However, the above table also shows that the shares of pharmaceuticals and organic fine chemistry in the total patent applications have declined. In fact, the increase in the share of computer technology has been at the cost of pharmaceuticals and organic fine chemistry. Despite this, the pharmaceuticals and organic fine chemistry are the top two fields with regard to the share in patent applications.

India is a leading producer of generic medicines in the world. In addition to this India is also a source of cheap generic medicines for different diseases to the low-income developing countries. Over the years, India has come under intense pressure by lobbying activities of multinational pharmaceuticals manufacturing companies that sees the generic medicines as a threat to their profit margins.

So, it is important that the country boosts its research and development activities in general and in pharmaceuticals in particular.

Apart from the above discussed three fields, there has not been any significant change in the share of other fields in the total patent applications.

One thing that should be of concern for the policymakers is that the share of biotechnology has declined. Given the fact that biotechnology is going to be an important field with regard to not only academic research but also with regard to industrial application, the policymakers need to give special attention to this field. (ENA Bureau)

 

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