Category: Health

In the last few months, we’ve got visible a whole lot of Health Care Reform regulations and regulations being delivered by using the Health and Human Services Department. Every time that happens, the media receives keep off it and all forms of articles are written in the Wall Street Journal, the New York Times and the TV community news packages communicate approximately it. All the analysts begin to speak about the pros and cons, and what it means to groups and people.

The hassle with that is, oftentimes one author checked out the regulation, and wrote a piece about it. Then different writers begin the use of portions of that first article and rewriting parts to fit their article. By the time the data receive widely dispensed, the real rules and guidelines get twisted and distorted, and what sincerely indicates up within the media sometimes simply doesn’t genuinely constitute the reality of what the regulations say.

There’s a number of misunderstanding about what goes on with ObamaCare, and one of the matters that I’ve observed in discussions with clients is that there may be an underlying set of myths that humans have picked up about health care reform that just isn’t proper. But due to all they have got heard in the media, humans consider those myths are in reality true.

Today we are going to talk approximately 3 myths I hear most commonly. Not each person believes those myths, however enough do, and others are unsure what to agree with, so it warrants dispelling these myths now.

The first one is that fitness care reform best impacts uninsured people. The 2d one is that Medicare blessings and the Medicare software are not going to be suffering from fitness care reform. And then the last one is that health care reform is going to reduce the prices of healthcare.Health

Health Care Reform Only Affects Uninsured

Let’s take a look at the first fantasy approximately health care reform only affecting uninsured people. In quite a few the discussions I actually have with customers, there are several expressions they use: “I already have insurance, so I won’t be laid low with ObamaCare,” or “I’ll simply preserve my grandfathered medical health insurance plan,” and the closing one – and this one I can provide them a little bit of leeway, due to the fact a part of what they may be announcing is genuine — is “I have group health insurance, so I might not be affected by health care reform.”

Well, the truth is that health care reform is absolutely going to affect anybody. Starting in 2014, we are going to have an entirely new set of health plans, and people plans have very wealthy advantages with masses of greater capabilities that the existing plans these days don’t offer. So these new plans are going to be the better fee.

Health Care Reform’s Effect On People With Health Insurance

People that currently have medical health insurance are going to be transitioned into these new plans sometime in 2014. So the insured can be directly tormented by this because the fitness plans they have today are going away, and they will be mapped into a new ObamaCare plan in 2014.

Health Care Reform Effect On The Uninsured

The uninsured have an additional issue in that if they don’t get medical health insurance in 2014, they face a mandate penalty. Some of the healthful uninsured are going to observe that penalty and say, “Well, the penalty is 1% of my adjusted gross profits; I make $50,000, so I’ll pay a $500 penalty or $1,000 for health insurance. In that case I’ll just take the penalty.” But both manner, they may be directly laid low with fitness care reform. Through the mandate it influences the insured as well as the uninsured.

Health Care Reform Effect On People With Grandfathered Health Plans

People that have grandfathered medical insurance plans are not going to be immediately laid low with health care reform. But due to the existing cycle of their grandfathered fitness plan, it’s going to make those plans extra high-priced as they discover that there are plans available now that they are able to without problems switch to which have a richer set of blessings that might be more useful for any chronic health issues they will have.

For folks that stay in those grandfathered plans, the pool of subscribers inside the plan are going to start to shrink, and as that takes place, the price of these grandfathered medical insurance plans will boom even faster than they may be now. Therefore, people in grandfathered health plans can also be impacted with the aid of ObamaCare.Myths

Health Care Reform Effect On People With Group Health Insurance

The final one, the small group market, is going to be the maximum drastically affected by fitness care reform. Even though the health care reform regulations predominantly affect large and medium-sized companies, and corporations which have 50 or greater personnel, smaller agencies may also be affected, despite the fact that they are exempt from ObamaCare itself.

What many surveys and polls are starting to expose is that some of the businesses which have 10 or fewer personnel are going to appearance seriously at their option to drop medical insurance altogether, and not have it as a rate of the enterprise. Instead, they will have their employees get medical health insurance through the health insurance exchanges.

In fact, a number of the providers are actually announcing they count on that as much as 50% of small organizations with 10 or fewer personnel are going to drop their medical insurance plan sometime among 2014 and 2016. That may have a totally huge impact on anyone who has organization medical insurance, in particular if they’re in a single of these small agencies that drop health insurance.

It’s now not just uninsured which might be going to be affected by fitness care reform, anyone goes to be impacted.

Health Care Reform Will Not Affect Medicare

The subsequent fantasy was that health care reform might not have an effect on Medicare. This one is sort of funny because right from the very get-go, the maximum incredible cuts had been particularly targeting the Medicare application. When you take a look at Medicare’s part of the general federal, you can see that during 1970, Medicare become 4% of the U.S. Federal finances, and via 2011, it had grown to sixteen% of the federal budget.

If we observe it during the last 10 years, from 2002 to 2012, Medicare is the quickest growing part of the foremost entitlement programs inside the federal authorities, and it’s grown by way of nearly 70% throughout that period of time.

Because of ways huge Medicare is and how rapid it is developing, it is one of the key applications that ObamaCare is trying to get a handle on, so it would not bankrupts the U.S. Medicare is going to be impacted, and actually the preliminary cuts to Medicare have already been set at approximately $716 billion.

Medicare Advantage Cuts And The Effects

Of that $716 billion cut, the Medicare Advantage application gets to cut the most and could see the majority of the results. What that’s going to do is increase the charges people pay for their Medicare Advantage plans, and reduce the benefits of these plans.

Increased Medicare Advantage Costs

Right now, many human beings choose Medicare Advantage plans because they’ve zero top class. When given a desire on Medicare plans, they view it as an easy desire as it’s a unfastened software for them, “Sure, I get Medicare advantages, I do not pay whatever for it; why now not.” Now they’re going to look Medicare charges begin to climb, and pass from 0 to $70, $eighty, $ninety, $100. We’ve already visible that with some of the Blue Cross Medicare Advantage plans this year. It’s going to worsen as we pass ahead inside the destiny.

Reduced Medicare Advantage Benefits

In order to decrease the premium increases, what many Medicare Advantage plans will do is increase the copayments, growth the deductibles, and exchange the co-insurance prices. In order to hold the premiums down, they may just push extra of the expenses onto the Medicare Advantage recipients. Increased premiums and reduced advantages are what we are going to see coming in Medicare Advantage plan.ObamaCare

Fewer Medicare Physicians

And then if that wasn’t bad enough, as Medicare doctors begin receiving decrease and decrease reimbursements for Medicare Advantage humans, they may be going to forestall taking new Medicare Advantage recipients. We’re going to see the pool of doctors to help human beings in Medicare beginning to decrease as well, except modifications are remodeled the path of the next five years. So Medicare is going to be affected, and it’s going to be affected dramatically through health care reform. Everybody’s kind of on pins and needles, ready to look what will manifest there.

Health Care Reform Will Reduce Healthcare Costs

The final one and probable the most important myth approximately fitness care reform is every person questioning that ObamaCare will reduce healthcare expenses. That’s complete hogwash. Early on inside the procedure, once they had been seeking to come up with the rules and rules, the emphasis and one of the desires for reform become to lessen healthcare charges.

But somewhere along the road, the purpose genuinely shifted from fee reduction to regulation of the medical health insurance enterprise. Once they made that transition, they driven price discounts to the again burner. There are a few small fee reduction components in ObamaCare, however, the actual emphasis is on regulating health insurance. The new plans, as an instance, have lots richer benefits than many plans today: richer benefits way richer costs.

Health Care Reform Subsidies: Will They Make Plans Affordable?

A lot of people desire, “The subsidies are going to make medical insurance plans greater low-cost, won’t they?” Yes, in a few instances the subsidies will help to make the plans low priced for people. But if you make $1 too much, the lower priced plans are suddenly going to come to be very expensive and may cost hundreds of greenbacks greater over the route of a 12 months. Will a subsidy make it inexpensive or not low-cost is clearly problem to debate at this point in time. We’re going to have to actually see what the charges appear like for these plans.

New Health Care Reform Taxes Passed On To Consumers

Then there is an entire ton of recent health care reform taxes that have been introduced into the machine to assist pay for ObamaCare. That way all people who have a medical insurance plan, whether it is in a large organization, a small institution, or just as a person, is going to be taxed for you to pay for the fee of reform. Health care reform provides numerous taxes on fitness care that insurance groups will accumulate and pay, but they’re just going to skip it right through to us, the patron.

Mandate Won’t Reduce Uninsured Very Much

During the preliminary years of health care reform, the mandate is sincerely pretty susceptible. The mandate says that everybody has to get medical health insurance or pay a penalty (a tax). What it is going to do is make healthful humans just sit down on the sidelines and look ahead to the mandate to get to the factor wherein it, in the end, forces them to buy medical insurance. People with chronic health situations that couldn’t get health insurance formerly are all going to leap into healthcare at the start of 2014.

At the end of that year, the value for the plans is going to head up in 2015. I can assure that it truly is going to appear, due to the fact the young healthful humans are not going to be inspired to get into the plans. They may not see the gain of joining a high priced plan, while the chronically sick humans are going to get into the plans and drive the costs up.

Health Care Reform’s Purpose Is Just A Matter Of Semantics

The ultimate portion of this is, one of the key things – and it is humorous, I noticed it for the first years, 2010, and ‘eleven – one of the key things that was listed in the documentation from the Obama management changed into: Health Care Reform might assist reduce the price that we’d see inside the future if we do not anything today. That became emphasised over and over once more. That was how they provided fitness care price discount, that it would reduce the destiny costs. Not nowadays, but it might reduce what we would pay inside the destiny if we did not anything about it now.

Well, it is exquisite, 10 years from now we’re going to pay less than we’d have paid. And we all know how accurate future projections usually are. In the period in-between, we’re all paying greater today, and we are going to pay even greater in 2014 and extra in 2015 and 2016. People are going to be pretty disillusioned approximately that.

Conclusion

Those 3 myths, that health care reform is handiest going to have an effect on the uninsured, that it might not affect Medicare beneficiaries, and that ObamaCare goes to reduce healthcare expenses, are just that. They are myths. There’s nothing to them.

It’s virtually vital that you pay interest on what’s going on with health care reform, due to the fact there are extra changes which might be coming as we undergo this year, 2013. Knowing how to function your self so that you’re in the proper spot so that you can make the satisfactory choice at the start of 2014 goes to be absolutely critical for everybody.

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Representational image. ReutersEven as Delhi hobbles back to Net Maddy  normalcy after the chikungunya and dengue health scare that reached endemic proportions last month, the national capital faces yet another health exigency in the form of bird flu.
The government is monitoring bird sanctuaries and the Gazipur Murga Mandi, the sole meat market that caters to the entire city.
“Samples from the mandi and other sources have been sent for testing to Regional Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (RDDL), Jalandhar and High-Security Animal Disease Laboratory (HSADL), Bhopal and the results are expected on Saturday,” a government source said.
It remains to be seen if the rickety health services system of the city (and the country) — that was found wanting just a few weeks back during the dengue and chikungunya outbreak had hit the population — will be prepared enough to deal with a crisis if any.
Representational image. ReutersRepresentational image. Reuters
However, ever since the first outbreak of bird flu in India a decade ago — in Gujarat and Maharashtra in February 2005 — India has never had a human case of H5N1 viral infection even though there has been an outbreak of the disease almost every other year.
Delhi’s development minister Gopal Rai has requested the citizens to not panic as the virus doesn’t seem to have entered the food chain yet.
Despite the minister’s reassurance, is there no cause for concern?
A stroll around any area of the city is enough proof that municipal services in the city are not at their international best, as should be the case considering that Delhi is the capital of a nation that is being heavily promoted as an investment destination globally. Is Delhi ready to take on the world as a global capital or is just another Third World city that has more negatives than positives?
The Supreme Court too has come down heavily on the AAP government on garbage piling up in the city and for poor sanitation. The apex court has expressed concern over bird flu scare in the national capital.
While the bird flu panic is slowly spreading, the experts strongly feel that it’s high time that the government should come up with an advisory with ‘dos’ and ‘don’s’ on bird flu.
“The central government should issue an advisory with ‘dos’ and ‘don’s’ to combat bird flu across the country. It’s not just limited to Delhi. District magistrates and district forest officials should be sensitized. Moreover, awareness regarding avian flu needs to be created especially for children, so as to avoid any panic,” Anand Arya, an environment expert, specializing on birds told Firstpost.
Source of avian (bird) flu scare
The scare of avian flu ( the official name of bird flu) originated in Delhi after the Delhi zoo reported over a dozen of dead birds on its premises. It was followed by the death of birds at Deer Park, Hauz Khas and near a water body at Sundar Nagar. Besides, local birds, migratory birds died in zoo premises. While the RDDL Jalandhar detected symptoms of the virus in the samples of carcasses of birds tested, Bhopal’s HSADL confirmed H5N1 virus in three birds. H5N1 is the virus that causes bird flu.
– Delhi Zoo: 12 birds found dead. (Of these three are confirmed bird flu cases).
– Deer Park: 5 birds found dead.
– Sundar Nagar: 3 crows found dead.
– Gwalior Zoo: 15 birds found dead. (The aerial distance between Gwalior and Delhi is only 285 km).
Source of Bird flu virus (H5N1)
Bird flu virus already exists in dormant state in India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, China and Russia border. It can become active. The other source is a migratory bird. The virus infects and kills wild birds and domestic poultry.
“Nearly 225 migratory species visit India every year and it starts in September. We get migratory birds in almost all the 7.57 lakh wetlands in the country. It’s serious if any of the flock gets infected,” said Arya.
Past incidents
– First confirmed and notified case of H5N1 outbreak in India was reported in Gujarat and Maharashtra in February 2005.
– The second outbreak — a major one was in March-April 2006 in Madhya Pradesh — where more than 10 lakh poultry birds were culled.
– In 2007, it was in Manipur, followed by West Bengal in 2008. More than 40 lakh birds were killed in Bengal.
– In the consecutive years, the outbreak occurred in Tripura, Odisha, Sikkim, Assam and Bihar.
– The last bird flu outbreak was reported in 2015 in Kerala.
– In 2005, 50-60 birds were found dead at Okhla Bird Park in Delhi, which created a panic. However, after post-mortem, it was found that the birds died after consuming poisonous feed used to catch fish.
– In India, no case of bird flu infecting human has been reported yet.
– Large-scale culling of poultry birds took place in a decade causing huge financial loss to poultry business.
Can I consume egg and chicken?
According to experts, no case of bird flu has been reported in poultry so far. It’s safe to consume properly cooked egg and chicken.
“Most bacteria and virus can’t survive high heat. Instead of consuming cold meat, it’s preferable to have properly cooked, roasted chicken and eggs in the form of boiled and omelet,” advised Arya.
What government has done so far?
– Delhi government has started a helpline number (011-2389 0318) where citizens can report cases of bird flu and seek help.
– A large number of samples has been taken from zoos, bird sanctuaries, and poultry markets and sent for testing.
– Municipal corporations have deployed teams to check flu.
– Delhi government is keeping a strict vigil on poultry market.
– Delhi minister Gopal Rai said that Delhi government is well-equipped with medicines to deal with the situation.
– Central Zoo Authority is conducting inspection of zoo enclosures.
– Delhi Zoo and Deer Park have been shut down.
Precautionary measures
According to medical experts, one shouldn’t touch a dead bird or the carcass and keep a safe distance. It should immediately be reported to authorities concerned.
Physical contact with bird droppings should be avoided, because any bird can be an infected one. Extreme care should be taken while cleaning droppings because most human infection is from close contact with sick or dead infected poultry or droppings.
– Any one suffering from fever must take medical advice.
– Avoid spreading of rumors and panic.

 

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AHMEDABAD: Dr. Ketan Desai, the new NetWork Posting president of World Medical Association (WMA), issued a strong warning about continued political attempts around the world to marginalise the autonomy and self-governance of the medical profession.


“In many countries including Turkey , India, and the United Kingdom, there are continued political attempts to undo or marginalize the autonomy and self-governance of the medical profession,” Dr. Desai, who hails from Gujarat, told delegates from 40 national medical associations in his inau gural speech at WMA’s annual assembly in Taiwan on Friday .
“Regulation of clinical practice, framing of evidence-based standard treatment guidelines, defining and checking professional malpractice and medical education -professional independence is vital for all.The WMA must continue to be alert against government attempts to usurp professional independence through bureaucrats and politicians,” Dr. Desai, former presi dent of Medical Council of India (MCI), said. Dr. Desai also called for more protection for physicians, whether in war or civil conflict situations.

He also warned that professional honesty and integrity were at risk in many countries as physicians were prescribing drugs or referring patients based on `kickbacks’. “Physicians should not go by any financial or other consideration in referring patients to laboratories, pharmacies or opticians,” Dr. Desai said.
“There is a need to create a World Health-Keeping Force along the lines of the World Peace-Keeping Force.National medical associations could join hands and create such an `international health-keeping force’ under the aegis of the WMA,” Dr. Desai said.

 

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Informal practitioners, who On Dav operate without formal
Informal practitioners, who operate without formal medical training, form a majority of Indias rural healthcare workforce, addressing patients health care needs where government sources may be less accessible.
They treat patients with conditions that can be managed in a primary care setting, refer patients with serious conditions to higher level care, and diagnose and manage patients with chronic conditions.

However, it is contentious whether these practitioners should be integrated with the health system, and if so, what might be the best way.
The study, meanwhile, also suggests that training informal health providers can also help address the manpower shortage in the health sector.
“The low costs of training Planet Amend  imply that permanently hiring 11 additional fully trained MBBS providers into the public sector would be as costly as training 360 informal providers every year through this programme,” it says.
The study used a randomised evaluation methodology, by selecting 152 of the 304 informal providers from 203 villages in Birbhum to participate in the training programme.
“Using unannounced standardised patients (mystery patients) and clinical observations, researchers assessed the impact of the training on informal providers clinical practice. Further, researchers benchmarked these practices with those of public health providers in the same area,” the J-PAL said.
The West Bengal government has issued an order to train the first batch of 2,000 practitioners over a six-month period, which is in the process of being rolled out across 35 centres. Rural healthcare providers will be trained in batches of 50 by nurses teaching at nursing training centres across the state, J-PAL South Asia said.
“This study is not only relevant for West Bengal but for other states too, such as Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh; as the structure of the informal provider market is often found to be similar ?- both in terms of their widespread presence in the community and the knowledge gaps they face,” Banerjee said.
However, the training “did not lead to a decline” in the use of unnecessary medicines, antibiotics or injections among providers who were trained. Nonetheless, both trained and untrained informal providers were less likely to give unnecessary medicines and antibiotics relative to doctors in the public sector, the study further said.
“Finally, the training increased the patient load of the provider, and it is estimated that the resultant increase in revenue would allow the informal practitioners to recover the cost of the training in anywhere between 66 and 210 days,” it added. PTI KND SMN DIP

 

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NAVI MUMBAI: A day Our Planetary  after an elephant died during a film shoot on Friday, an initial finding of a post-mortem has shown that it had been ailing due to multiple stones in the gall bladder and liver. Animals rights activists also claimed that several notices had been sent to the owner of the elephant since 2013 over the poor health condition of two jumbos in his care.

The elephant, Roopkali alias Roopa was aged between 38 and 40. She was brought to Film City in Goregaon for a photo shoot. She collapsed and died before the shoot could begin. A detailed medical report listing the cause of death will be released within a couple of days.
An autopsy was conducted by veterinary surgeon of Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Dr. Shailesh Pethe, and a pathologist from Bombay Veterinary College. Their preliminary report states: “The cause of death seems to be multiple gall bladder and hepatic calculi (stones) leading to hepatic failure and toxemia.” In simple words, this means that there were stones in the gall bladder and the liver, leading to liver failure and internal poisoning.
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Activists expressed shock that the elephant was being made to work for a film shoot despite having such a serious ailment. “The preliminary findings of the post-mortem clearly indicate that Roopkali was seriously ill, but was still taken for a photo shoot,” said activist Pawan Sharma of Resqink Association for Wildlife Welfare. “We will ask the forest department to lodge a complaint against those responsible.”
Another activist, Sunish Subramanian of Plant and Animals Welfare Society, said that the elephant owner, SabashankarPandey who lives in Dahisar, had been issued notices by Animal Welfare Board of India and the forest department over the last three years, threatening to cancel the licence of his elephants, Roopkali and Laxmi, due to poor health. “But he managed to keep their licenses,” said Subramanian. He claimed that Pandey had assaulted him in 2014 when he objected to the use of one of his elephants at a religious function.

Chief conservator of forests, N Vasudevan, told TOI: “After we get the final autopsy report, appropriate action will be taken. We are also studying various documents and certificates that Pandey has relating to the elephant.”
Secretary of Bombay Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, Lt Colonel JC Khanna, said, “Generally speaking, movement of elephants has been curtailed on the city streets following a high

 

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CHENNAI: The cyber-crime wing Owner Busines of the Chennai city police on Friday registered two separate cases against social activist K R ‘Traffic’ Ramaswamy and his assistant, Fatima, for allegedly spreading rumours about the health condition of Tamil Nadu chief minister J Jayalalithaa+ who is undergoing treatment at Apollo Hospitals in Chennai.
The police registered cases against Ramaswamy and his assistant based on the complaints filed by activist Kishore K Swamy and AIADMK worker Vijaya Raj.

The police booked them under sections 153 (wantonly giving provocation with intent to cause riot) and 505 (1) (b) (with intent to cause, or which is likely to cause, fear or alarm to the public) and 505 (c) (with intent to incite, or which is likely to incite, any class or community of persons to commit any offence) of the Indian Penal Code.
The police have registered 58 cases against people for their posts on social media+ about Jayalalithaa’s health condition. They have arrested eight people so far, the latest to be arrested being a 28-year-old shopkeeper in Tuticorin identified as Sagayam.

 

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The county of Northumberland Page Design Hub in north England – known for quality and integrated healthcare – has signed a memorandum of understanding to share expertise as part of the Indo-UK Health Programme linked to the Narendra Modi government’s Smart City project.
The Northumbria Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust and Northumberland County Council signed the MoU with Indo-UK Healthcare Pvt Ltd (IUHP), officials announced here on Tuesday.
The area is reputed to provide some of the best and fully integrated services in Britain’s National Health Service. The model creates a seamless experience for patients by integrating acute hospitals (including emergency services), community services and care delivered at home.
“This is an important milestone in our vision to transform the health of millions of Indian citizens. Northumbria provides outstanding high-quality integrated health and social care for its residents,” Ajay Rajan Gupta of IUHP said.

“This is exactly the experience we need to take forward our own plans. We want to take the very best that the NHS has to offer across to India and there is no doubt Northumbria is the best at what it does.”
The Indo-UK Institute of Health programme is considered one of the world’s largest healthcare initiatives. It aims to transform the provision of quality healthcare and medical education services across India.
The programme will deliver a staged rollout linked to the Smart City project across 100 cities and involve the setting up of 11 Indo-UK Institutes of Health Media cities along with 89 Indo-UK Clinics.
Daljit Lally of the Northumberland County Council said: “India has one of the largest populations in the world so the pressures on its healthcare system are enormous. Whilst our primary goal is to share how we have developed such a pioneering approach to delivering integrated care in Northumberland, I have no doubt that we will also learn a great deal which will benefit the NHS.”

 

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Image result for health indiaGURGAON: After Haryana Civil Medical Services (HCMS) Association doctors at government hospitals threatened to go on indefinite mass leave from October 27, workers under the National Health Mission (NHM) have also called an indefinite strike from October 25.
It’s yet another challenge for a government Page Design Pro  that is gearing up to launch a year of celebrations to mark Haryana’s golden jubilee.

In a meeting on Saturday evening, the NHM workers decided to launch a massive protest from October 25. NHM employees have been demanding permanent jobs in the state health department. “The state government has been ignoring our demands for the last 18-20 years,” a statement from NHM Haryana said.
Although NHM employees are hired after going through a proper interview procedure like in the case of permanent doctors, they do not get permanent status, according to NHM workers. “We want the government to initiate the process to make all NHM employees permanent. We want salaries on a par with those of the permanent employees,” the statement said.
Dr. Atul Gijwani, a general secretary of NHM Haryana, told TOI, “It is the gross injustice. We have been working for the last 18 years dedicatedly in the health department, but we are not entitled to equal pay and many benefits that permanent employees get in the department,” Gidwani said.
There are 12,000 NHM workers in Haryana, of which 650 are in Gurgaon. NHM workers serve at all the levels right from doctors to Class IV workers. The NHM program was started in Haryana in 2005 under National Rural Health Mission.Chief medical officer Pushpa Bishnoi remained unavailable for comment.

 

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Obese people risk getting diagnosed with Page Design Shop  heart disease, diabetes, inflammation and other disorders, if they are discriminated in society, finds a study conducted by an Indian-origin researcher.
The study suggested that those who experienced weight discrimination over a 10-year period had twice the risk of high allostatic load — the cumulative dysfunction of bodily systems from chronic stress.
The researchers focused on respondents who regularly reported experiencing discrimination because of their weight and asked whether they were treated discourteously, called names, or made to feel inferior.
“It is a pretty big effect. Even if we accounted for health effects attributed to being overweight, these people still experience double the risk of an allostatic load because of weight discrimination,” said Maya Vadiveloo, Assistant Professor at the University of Rhode Island, in the US.

According to the researchers, the findings, published in the August issue of Annals of Behavioral Medicine, expose flaws in society’s approach to weight control.
“Our paper highlights the importance of including sensitivity and understanding when working with individuals with obesity, and when developing public health campaigns,” Vadiveloo said.
People who experience weight discrimination often shun social interaction and skip doctor visits, the study reveals.
“There is so much shaming around food and weight. We need to work together as a nation on improving public health and clinical support for individuals with obesity and targeting environmental risk factors,” the researcher said.

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Odisha’s Institute of Medical Sciences and Planet reporter  SUM Hospital mishap appears like a shrill alarm. The country’s comatose health system is in desperate need of a lifeline. The hospital accident should not be considered merely as another case of negligence in the long history of medical tragedies in India. Hospitals cannot be graveyards.
Is Right to Health the answer to all our ills? Will medical disasters end once every citizen enjoys healthcare as a fundamental right?
The NDA government has, in its draft National Health Policy 2015, proposed a “National Health Rights Act, which will ensure health as a fundamental right, whose denial will be justifiable”. Undoubtedly, the merits of such a legislation cannot be denied. Countries like Brazil and Thailand got more teeth to implement universal healthcare due to the presence of such laws. We also have the success stories offered by our own Right to Education Act (2010) that has contributed substantially to the increasing literacy rates and making education more accessible and inclusive.
But the road to legislation still appears very long, and may not address all the challenges of the health system. The SUM Hospital tragedy has once again put the spotlight on the government’s commitment to healthcare.
India, according to the World Health Organisation, accounts for 21 percent of the world’s global burden of diseases. It witnesses the highest number of maternal, newborn and child deaths in the world. Nearly 36 percent Indians suffer from depression in a nation that has 0.47 psychologists per million people. For an Indian, the probability of dying, between ages 30 and 70, from four major non-communicable diseases (cancers, cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, and diabetes) is close to 26 percent. One World Bank report (2010) even argues that we lose close to six percent of our GDP every year due to premature deaths and preventable illnesses.
The SUM Hospital fire has exposed the fragile health system of our country. Initial investigations have revealed that this super specialty hospital did not have a fire clearance certificate even though it has been operational for almost a decade. Its website claims that it provides “global standard health care services”, yet the 750-bed hospital did not have a functional sprinkler system to fight the fire. Its staff too was untrained to handle an emergency of that scale and magnitude.
A large number of hospitals across the country (several private and some government) lack functional sprinkler systems. For decades, we have been struggling with overcrowded, understaffed, poorly maintained and appallingly unhygienic government hospitals. Twin-sharing of beds is today an accepted norm in many government hospitals.
Since the early 1990s, the private sector has been touted as the only alternative to India’s healthcare crisis. But in the absence of a clear regulatory mechanism, the performance of private hospitals has been both terrible and terrifying. In 2011, nearly 90 people died in a huge fire in AMRI Hospital, a Kolkata private hospital. In June 2016, an inter-state kidney racket was busted in Apollo Hospital, New Delhi. In September 2016, a private hospital, along with two orthopedics, was asked to pay Rs 25 lakh to a patient who had suffered 40 percent disability due to medical negligence.
A healthcare system is not just about accessing hospital care. It is also about identifying strategies to reach certain, definite health goals. These strategies may involve multiple services/activities ranging from prevention of diseases (immunization campaigns), insecticide spraying against vector-borne diseases, printing horrific pictures on cigarette packets to deter smokers, ensuring safe abortions, keeping a check on drug pricing and to even distributing condoms. A health system has multiple stakeholders – policymakers, medical practitioners, health volunteers, industrialists, researchers, nurses, midwives, alternative medicine practitioners, and most importantly, patients.
In recent years, successive governments have demonstrated their inability to grasp the key challenges of the health sector – how to make healthcare universal, of better quality and thereby reduce inequality.
Since 2000, there is a growing concern about the government’s dwindling commitment in providing basic healthcare to its citizens. Take India’s expenditure on health. It is just four percent of GDP and public expenditure is only 1.2 percent of GDP. This implies that between 60-70 percent of the population’s medical needs are met by the private sector.
The proposed National Health Policy has made no radical shift in its budgetary allocations. The current government has proposed 2.5 percent of the GDP (WHO recommends 5 percent for a better health system) as a “realistic” figure to achieve health goals. This implies that even after 70 years of independence, tribal regions are likely to be neglected and basic immunization services will continue to be inadequate for both urban and rural poor.
In its much-debated World Health Report 2000: Health Systems, Improving Performances, WHO ranked India as 112 out of 191 countries in health systems. France and Italy topped the list. A host of smaller countries – Ecuador, Syria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iraq, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh – fared better than India.
WHO has not conducted another such study but experts state that the ranking would not be dramatically different today as successive governments have failed in protecting citizens against the financial costs of illnesses. Indians today struggle with a huge “out-of-pocket healthcare expenditures” that does not even guarantee quality care. Even the National Health Policy 2015 admits that this expenditure is “catastrophic”, draining family incomes and neutralising the gains in income increases.
Unless the government considers its citizens’ health as a critical national asset, the health system will continue to remain unplugged.

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